Ukraine is vulnerable to floods, extreme temperatures and windstorms, and to industrial disasters, such as the 2006 oil spill in the Kerch Gulf. In 2008, disastrous floods caused by heavy rains occurred in Western Ukraine resulting in heavy damage to the households and infrastructure adjacent to the Prut River. In addition, the country and the economy are still feeling the effects of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster. Notably, however, the total number of emergencies in Ukraine has steadily gone down from 368 in 2007 to 143 in 2014.
Ukraine has signed an Association Agreement with the EU. The country is also part of the EU Neighbourhood, and as such benefits from a rich cooperation with the EU in the frame of the EU Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). Ukraine is moving toward the EU acquis communitaire and EU good practice in civil protection and disaster risk reduction. Together with the PPRD East 2 Programme, Ukrainian national disaster risk management stakeholders – led by the State Emergency Service – have decided to prioritise their efforts on legal approximation and institutional sustainability, in the areas of flood risk management, disaster risk assessment, disaster loss data collection and processing, raising awareness about disasters, volunteerism in civil protection and the Host Nation Support.