Moldova is vulnerable to floods, windstorms, droughts, extreme temperatures, landslides and seismic events. There are a number of man-made hazards that pose further risks in the country, including potential industrial accidents, pollution and nuclear contamination from neighbouring countries. In 1983 a dam containing a tailings pond burst at the Stebnik potassium plant releasing a large amount of salt solution into the Dniester River near Nikolaev. It took nearly two years to return to normal conditions. A severe earthquake of magnitude 7.3 struck Chisinau in 1940. Historical records of earthquakes, along with the country’s location within the seismic zone of Vrancea zone, suggest that Moldova is vulnerable to earthquake as well as to hydro-meteorological hazards. In 2008, disastrous floods caused by heavy rains occurred, resulting in heavy damage to the households and infrastructure adjacent to the Prut and Dniester Rivers. In 2010, floods occurred again.
Moldova has signed an Association Agreement with the EU. The country is part of the EU Neighbourhood, and as such benefits from a rich cooperation with the EU in the frame of the EU Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).
Within the PPRD East 2 Programme, Moldova would like to address Disaster Risk Assessment, and the Electronic Regional Risk Atlas (ERRA), complemented with Disaster Loss Data collection and processing, and the approximation to the EU Floods Directive. The enhancement of national capacities and capabilities for the provision of the Host Nation Support and raising awareness about disasters are also considered as national priorities.