Because of its specific geographic location, Georgia is prone to large-scale disasters caused by natural hazards. The mountainous terrain and large changes in elevation within the country create numerous high-risk circumstances. Among the various hazards in Georgia, flooding is the most frequent, and characteristics of almost all rivers in the country, especially the river basins in the Mtskheta-mtianeti, Imereti, Samegrlo and Guria regions. Due to climate change and the faster melt of the snow that covers the mountains in the region, flooding will continue to be a risk. Landslide is also one of the most acute problems in the country. More than 1,5 million ha of land are in high-risk regions, representing 22% of the country’s territory: during the last 40 years, dozens of villages have been abandoned due to landslides. Georgia is also susceptible to mudflows and droughts, as well as snow slides.
Georgia has signed an Association Agreement with the EU. The country is also part of the EU Neighbourhood, and as such benefits from a rich cooperation with the EU in the frame of the EU Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).
Within the PPRD East 2 Programme, Georgia would like to address the following priorities: the Disaster Risk Assessment closely related to Electronic Regional Risk Atlas (ERRA), and complemented with Disaster Loss Data collection and processing, as well as the approximation to the Floods Directive and INSPIRE Directive. In addition, the enhancement of national capacities and capabilities for the provision of the Host Nation Support is also considered as a top priority for the country.