Azerbaijan is vulnerable to disasters due to both natural hazards – floods, earthquakes, droughts, landslides, avalanches, debris flows and mud flows – and technological hazards, including transport and industrial accidents. The country is susceptible to heavy flooding because of its topography and the water related fluctuations in the Caspian Sea. Azerbaijan lies in a region with moderate to very high seismic hazard. A magnitude 6.3 earthquake in the Baku region was recorded in November 2000 and another relevant one is reported just two years before (1998), just to analyse the last 20 years. Azerbaijan also suffers from several technological disasters. There were reportedly 11 major transport accidents along with one major industrial accident between 1988 and 2007.
Azerbaijan is part of the EU Neighbourhood, and as such benefits from a rich cooperation with the EU in the frame of the EU Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).