Armenia is a typical mountain country with a well defined mountain relief and ramified river drainage: approximately half of the country‘s territory and 80% of the population is exposed to catastrophic events. “Armenia is deemed one of the most disaster prone countries in the world: it is prone to all types of disasters except the sea ones. Severe earthquakes, frequent landslides, hail storms, droughts, floods threaten the safety of people and cause considerable damage impeding the sustainable development of the country” (PPRD East Programme Technical Report #4 – Republic of Armenia National Report on Disaster Reduction). Lying in one of the most seismically active regions of the world, earthquakes represent a continuous threat. Along the years earthquakes have affected vast communities: the most devastating seismic event was in 1988 in Spitak, where 25,000 people were killed. Meteorological disasters have also become more frequent and intense in the last few decades, with increasing flood, landslides, mudslide. In this scenario also droughts, accentuated by climate change, occur almost every year. UNISDR 2009 Global Assessment Report includes Armenia in the group of countries with highest relative economic loss and worse economic resilience to natural hazards.
Armenia is part of the EU Neighbourhood, and as such benefits from a rich cooperation with the EU in the frame of the EU Neighbourhood Policy (ENP).