Disaster Loss Data
Under the revised EU civil protection legislation, the Member States agreed that systematically collected, comparable and robust disaster damage and loss data are an essential element of the risk assessment and management processes. Thus, the EU Council Conclusions of 24 September 2014 on risk management capability call on the Commission to ‘Encourage the development of systems, models or methodologies for collecting and exchanging data on ways to assess the economic impact of disasters on an all-hazard basis.’
The current practice in disaster loss data recording across the EU shows that there are hardly any comparable disaster damage and loss data: differences exist in the methods of data recording as well as in the governance approaches to managing disaster damage and loss data. The lack of standards for damage and loss data collection and recording represent the main challenge for damage and loss data sharing and comparison, especially for cross-border cooperation within the EU.
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) Report “Guidance for Recording and Sharing Disaster Damage and Loss Data”, prepared by the EU expert working group on disaster damage and loss data, aims at helping Member States to improve the coherence and completeness of the loss data recording process. The Report indicates a minimum set of loss information that should be recorded following a disaster, it proposes a standard, independent from the hazard type and that can facilitate the sharing of loss data at EU level for better understanding the trans-boundary effects of disasters.
From an international perspective, a common framework of recording damage and loss data would also bring significant value and advantages to the systematic reporting of indicators for global disaster risk reduction targets.
Based on the recommendations of the JRC Report, PPRD East 2 is helping Partner Countries in improving national disaster loss data collection, recording and processing through:
- Developing national surveys on existing methodologies, databases and tools for disaster loss data collection;
- Preparing national sets of recommendations for the establishment of a system for the systematic collection of disaster loss data;
- Supporting interested Partner Countries in the implementation of a system for collection of disaster loss data.
The Programme is also promoting a common regional approach compatible with EU developments in this field.