Disaster Risk Assessment is a key element of decision and policy-making process. Rather than an activity, it can be viewed as a multi-disciplinary process, allowing for the identification, quantification and understanding of the extent and impacts of the risks a community is facing. It can be performed at different level (from local to national and regional), in a multi-purpose framework (urban planning, spatial planning, emergency planning, etc.) and by a single or multi-risk approach.
The EU-funded Programme on Prevention, Preparedness and Response to Natural and Man-made Disasters in the Eastern Partnership Countries (PPRD East 2 Programme) intends, among its objectives, to provide assistance to the Programme Partner Countries to enhance their national risk assessment methodology and practice. To this end, main references are the work on disaster risk assessment already developed and shared within the PPRD East Programme and the EU Guidelines on Risk Assessment and Mapping for Disaster Management. The PPRD East 2 Programme intends to assist Partner Countries in adjusting national DRA methodology to reflect the EU Guidelines on DRA; to provide training to Partner Countries on how to implement the adjusted methodology, and then to mentor them as they put the theory into practice; and to assist Partner Countries in uploading developed data, information and maps in the Electronic Regional Risk Atlas (ERRA), developed within the Programme.
The work is mainly organized at national level. In Moldova, a Working Group on Disaster Risk Assessment has been established with the aim to work on the inclusion of EU DRA Guidelines in the National Action Plan 2015-2020 for Risk Management. Within this framework, the inaugural meeting of the Moldavian DRA Working Group was organised in Chisinau on 29 November 2016.